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Stroke remains the fourth leading cause of death in Singapore and one of the top contributors of adult disability. Every day, there are 26 new stroke cases in Singapore.
A stroke occurs when a blood vessel that carries oxygen and nutrients to the brain is either blocked by a clot or bursts (or ruptures). Blood supply to the local region of brain is cut off. This results in brain cells dying due to oxygen starvation.
Types of Stroke:
- Ischemic Stroke (Clots)
Occurs when a blood vessel supplying blood to the brain is obstructed. It accounts for 87 % of all strokes.
- Haemorrhagic Stroke (Bleeds)
Occurs when a weakened blood vessel ruptures. The two types of weakened blood vessels that usually cause hemorrhagic stroke are aneurysms and arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). The most common cause of hemorrhagic stroke is uncontrolled high blood pressure.
- TIA (Transient Ischemic Attack)
Called a mini-stroke, it’s caused by a serious temporary clot. When this happens, you may exhibit signs and symptoms of stroke, not limiting to numbness, difficulty with speaking, weakness and dizziness. It usually resolves within 24 hours with no deficit. This may be a warning sign of a full blown stroke happening in the next 5 years.
Stroke affects so many different functions — paralysis and weakness; gross motor skills; fine motor skills; speech and language; cognition; vision; and emotions. To maximise the potential for recovery, it is important to receive rehabilitation that is timely with adequate frequency from specialised clinicians.
For the first six months after a stroke, the brain is much like a new brain. It’s ready to learn, ready to make new connections. This ability for our brains to adjust is known as neuroplasticity and it plays a vital role in recovery. Previous studies in humans suggest that there is a three to six months “critical window” of heightened neuroplasticity post-stroke. However, recent studies have observed that improvement in body function and structure was possible even at late chronic stages one and a half year post-stroke.
Stroke can change your life in an instant. Quality rehabilitation can help you to recover well.
We are dedicated to help you through your journey, providing the information and support to you and your loved ones.
The best results can be achieved through the combined efforts of your family, your team of healthcare professionals and, most importantly, you.
You’re not alone.